Garment inspection is a process of visually examining the finished apparels in relation to the raw material used and the adherence to the standard measurement required. In fact this inspection is done in the early stages of the production of the garment to detect if there are any flaws regarding non conformation to standard instructions. A huge expense is avoided that way, which is otherwise inevitable, if defects are detected in the garments later on that make the garment worthy of rejection only.
Nowadays, since the consumer can punish the supplier by penalizing him for supplying defective goods, the manufacturers take very good care in garment inspection before sending these to the retailers as it may otherwise cost them vast deal of money and good will.
There are certain measures that have to be followed in the apparel industry to prevent any mishaps from occurring:
• The quality of the fabric has to be checked thoroughly in the beginning as the quality of the finished garment depends on it. No amount of best manufacturing method could cover up a truly defective material.
• Trims quality is essential for a super quality garment. So, quantity checking ought to be done instead of the random checking.
• A good cutting will reduce the chances of defects later on. In the cutting room garment inspection is effected by following assiduously three check points:
a. Marker checking
b. Cut part audit
c. Bundle checking
• Printing is also a necessary feature. It is done only in cut panels before it passes on to sewing department. Print defects consist of misprint, overlapping or shade variation.
• Embroidery is also essential. In case there is embroidery work; the garment inspection is done thoroughly before given for sewing.
• In sewing department there are different checkpoints:
i. Inline inspection consists of partially stitched garments being checked completely.
ii. Roaming inspection has checkers randomly checking pieces while roaming.
iii. Traffic light inspection system is rarely used by manufacturers. Each operator gets a card for measuring quality. The quality checker checks few pieces at random and marks red or green on the card according to rating criteria.
iv. End of line inspection involves checking of completely stitched garments by a checker.
v. Audit of the checked piece is followed very rarely, but is quite significant in the sense that it ensures that only thoroughly checked garments leave the sewing room.
• Finishing department also has three kinds of garment inspection processes:
a. Initial finishing inspection
b. Final finishing inspection
c. Internal final audit
If such meticulous care is taken in garment inspection at every stage of manufacturing garments, then there would be without doubt very rare chances of defective garments being produced.